Discrimination occurs when a person, or a group of people, is treated less favourably than another person or group because of their background or certain personal characteristics. This is known as 'direct discrimination'.
It is also discrimination when a rule or policy applies to everyone but has the effect of disadvantaging some people because of a personal characteristic they share. This is known as ‘indirect discrimination’.
Discrimination is against the law in South Australia when it:
- is based on a particular personal characteristic or grounds specified in the Equal Opportunity Act
- happens in an area of public life
- causes loss or humiliation
- is sexual harassment
- is treating people unfairly because they are whistleblowers - called victimisation.